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Sonneratia Caseolaris

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(prioritized for reforestation in TV)










•It is a tree usually up to 15 m tall, occasionally reaching 20m.

•Brown to grey and slightly fissured on trunk, young bark on stems and branches smooth waxy brown.

•It has underground roots as well as up to 1.5 m-tall upright, breathing roots (pneumatophores) at its base.

•Its opposite, shortly-stalked leaves possess leathery leaf blades that vary from oval to drop-shaped. The deep green leaf blades are 4.5–13 by 1.5–7 cm.

•Its flowering shoots bear dark red-petalled flowers that are 1.5 cm wide, with numerous prominent pinkish-white stamens, filamentous and powderpuff-like when fully open. The flowering shoots are found at leaf angles, or develop at the ends of leafy branches. The flowers open at dusk and last only for 1 night, scented like butter or sour milk, nectar-rich.

•Its green fruits are round, leathery berries that are up to 7.5 cm wide. They are seated on a flattened, cup-like structure formed by the persistent sepals. Its buoyant, water-dispersed seeds are irregularly shaped, up to 7 mm long, and embedded in fruit’s fleshy pulp.

Sonneratia Caseolaris is grown in the coastal area, near the estuary, where there is a stable beach.




It is best to have soft mud or sludge that subsides from 15-40cm.




It is best to flood the average tide (the exposure time of the forested land is from 8-10 hours per day when the height of the tide is equal to the average sea water item).




The lowest average annual temperature is between 15°C-20°C, the average temperature is 20°C-28°C.  The average annual rainfall is from 1600-2200 mm.


Appropriate salinity from 5 - 20 ‰

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